The retina is a thin layer of light sensitive tissue on the back wall of our eye. When we look at an image, the retina translates that into neural impulses and sends them to the brain through the optic nerve.
Sometimes, when the eye suffers an injury or there is trauma to the head, it may lead to a small tear in the retina. Retinal detachments are caused by fluid leaking behind the retina through such tears; by traction on the retina, or by fluid coming out from the retina.
Retinal detachment is therefore a serious eye-disorder that occurs when the retina becomes separated from its supportive tissue. When these layers are detached, the retina cannot function. You will not have pain with retinal detachment, but unless the retina is reattached, you can suffer permanent vision loss.How the retinal detachment manifests, is entirely dependent on how long since the detachment has occurred, whether the macula (an oval-shaped pigmented area near the centre of the retina) was detached, and the general health of both parts; the retina and circulatory system of the eye.
To avoid trauma-caused retinal detachment, exercise caution while practicing high-impact or high speed sports. It is vital that you protect your head and eyes correctly when participating in activities that involve the exertion of sudden pressure. People with high degrees of myopia must avoid exposure to activities that have the potential for trauma.
Symptoms and Signs
The warning signs of retinal detachment include seeing floaters and flashes of light; spots, blurry or poor vision. Another sign is seeing a shadow or a curtain dropping from the top of the eye or across from the side.These signs can occur slowly as the retina pulls away from the supportive tissue, or even suddenly if the retina detaches immediately.
Consult your eye doctor right away if you experience any of the signs. Quick treatment will better your chances of regaining lost vision.
Talk to the experts at the S10 Health SafeCare Network and connect with an ophthalmologist for a consultation, without delay!