- Extracapsular cataract surgery: This surgical technique is used when the cataract is too thick to dissolve into fragments. This calls for a larger incision to remove the entire cataract without being fragmented and then the replacement lens is inserted. This surgery may require several sutures to close the wound and has a longer recovery period.
- Phacoemulsification: This is a safe and straightforward method of removal of cataract, performed without sutures through a micro incision in the eye. Phacoemulsification utilizes an ultrasonic device to soften and breakup the cloudy lens and then removes it to improve your vision. This procedure involves a small incision in the cornea that allows the entry of an ultrasound probe which breaks up the cloudy lens into tiny fragments and removes it by suction.
- Intracapsular cataract surgery: This is a surgical procedure where the entire natural lens, including the capsule that holds it is removed and the artificial lens is replaced. If your cataracts have progressed to seriously impair your vision and affect your day-to-day activities, then it is best to opt for immediate cataract surgery. Remember, delaying cataract surgery causes long-term damage to the eye and also make surgery more complicated.